A brief history of lawn mowers should help people understand a thing or two about the industry and the nature of modern lawn mowing. It should be noted that even though lawn mowers were invented before the twentieth century, they did not become especially popular or profitable until the twentieth century was well underway.
The twentieth century in the postwar period coincided with the development of consumer culture and suburban lawn care setups. Lawn mowers could become hugely popular and profitable in a world where lots of middle class people had their own sizable tracts of land. The suburban situation of the twentieth century is actually a rarity historically.
Edwin Budding invented the very first lawn mower in 1830. He secured the British patent on August 31, 1830. Lawns in the modern sense were rare, and Edwin Budding’s invention was used on big gardens and broad sporting grounds. Before his invention, the grass on sporting grounds was cut with scythes by hand, and it was a matter of difficult and intense physical labor. His early lawn mower was one of the many labor-saving devices that started becoming popular throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Like many items in the nineteenth century, including balconies, Edwin Budding’s lawn mower was made from wrought iron.
In the 1850’s, Thomas Green & Son of Leeds introduced a new type of lawn mower that was much more lightweight and quiet than Edwin Budding’s early innovation. It was also the first lawn mower to use a chain drive. Ten years later, lawn mowers were finally manufactured on a broader scale. Motor mowers were developed by Atco Ltd. during the 1920’s, and these lawn mowers were much easier to use and much more powerful. By the 1950’s, many more successful lawn mower manufacturers arrived on the scene. The lawn mower is a part of modern life that many people take for granted today. However, even they had to start somewhere.
Thirsty for some more history? Read this to learn how water purification all began!
Water is life, but it cannot be taken as it is. Nowadays we all buy water from the shops, a real kind of evolution where water is bought from the counter. We do not drink our tap water; we drink filtered water. So what has changed, from taking water from rivers and lakes to fetching it from the store? Water filtration was initially about improving taste since the link between water and disease had not been discovered. When waterborne diseases became an issue, there was a paradigm shift to water purification to rid water of harmful microbes. With the advancement of technology, people are now drinking water that is 98% pure.
Ancient writings from India and Greece dating to 2000 BC contain evidence of individual water treatment methods. The writings show that even then, people knew that heating water was a mode of purification. They were also aware that filtration using gravel and sand, boil and straining would work. The issue then was improving the taste of water. There were no chemical contaminants or knowledge of microbes.
The Egyptians initially discovered the principle of coagulation after 1500 BC. There were pictures found on the tomb walls of Ramses II and Amenophis II showing the use of alum for settlement of suspended particles. Later on, Hippocrates revealed to the world the healing power that water possessed. He came up with the act of sieving water and even made the first filter bag that was supposed to trap the sediments responsible for odours or bad water taste. The period between 300-200 BC saw Archimedes invented the Romans building aqueducts and the water screw.
The Dark Ages
There was a time when there were no innovations or experiments in water supply, hence such methods that existed were less sophisticated. This period is what is referred to as the dark ages. When the Roman Empire came down, the aqueducts went down with them after being destroyed by their enemies. The way forward on water treatment was therefore not known. In 1627 showed positive insights when Sir Francis Bacon initiated seawater desalination. He was trying to rid seawater of salt particles. Unfortunately, he did not succeed, but still he is the trailblazer of such experiments by scientists.
In the 1670s, there seems to be light at the end of the dark tunnel when Antonie van Leeuwenhoek builds a microscope that makes it possible to study the particles in water. In 1676, Van Leeuwenhoek observed microorganisms in water for the first time.
The 1700s saw the first domestic filters being used. The materials were charcoal, wool, and sponge. Robert Thom designed the first municipal water treatment plant, which was then built in Scotland. A horse and cart distributed the water while the water underwent slow sand filtration. Water pipes were then installed three years later after a suggestion that everyone should be able to access clean water. In 1854, there was a discovery that cholera was a waterborne disease. It was also discovered that its outbreak was not so severe in areas where there were sand filters installed. John Snow, a British scientist, found that the water pump had been contaminated by water from the sewer, thus the outbreak. He used chlorine for purification and forged water disinfection. The conclusion was that the taste and smell of water were not enough to determine its safety. Governments then started installing water filters in the municipal. There was also chlorination.
The Americans started constructing large sand filters in the 1890s, and it was a great success. They used rapid sand filtration and made use of powerful steam to clean the filter. Waterborne diseases started becoming less common.
The use of chlorine to treat water did not last long as it was associated with respiratory disease, hence the search for other forms of water disinfectants. In 1902, coagulation and disinfection were achieved simultaneously by mixing calcium hypochlorite and ferric chloride in the water supply. In 1903, water was softened in a process known as desalination where cations are removed. Read more about water softeners and their processes are unifiedwater.com.
The French used ozone as a water disinfectant in 1906. From 1914 onwards, there were standards put in place to ensure that all drinking water was safe for the public. The US Clean Water Act was passed in 1972 and 1974; the Safe Drinking Water Act appeared. The aim was to ensure safe drinking water for all. From this period, concerns have shifted from water-borne diseases to manufactured water diseases due to irresponsibility for instance industrial water contamination.
Today scientists do not focus on the purification of water but that of the by-products. Water pipes are corroded, and this exposes water to lead. Lead is linked to cancer. Therefore, as you enjoy your bottle of water, you see how the journey of getting it to you was quite a trip downstream.
More and more private spaces and public operations are looking to take advantage of the absolute explosion in self balancing scooter technology, giving their customers every opportunity to leverage this advanced tech to sip around their property.
And while there have been major leaps forward (not only in design, but also in convenience and utilities) for self balancing scooters in places like airports where the use of them is absolutely ideal, other places have been slower to adapt them – and it’s easy to understand why.
Any time you’re talking about a new advanced technology looking to weasel its way into the public conscious you’re going to meet resistance, and people are always going to be looking for the results from early adopters before they follow those pioneers.
If you’ve been wondering whether or not self balancing scooters can be used to roam around museums without any headache or hassle, here are a couple of answers that you’ll appreciate!
Most museums have perfectly smooth floors – ideal for self balancing scooter operation
The overwhelming majority of self balancing scooter options out there today need to take advantage of terrain that is as smooth as it gets and is free from debris as possible.
There just aren’t all that many “off-road” self balancing scooter options on the market (yet, anyway).
This is part of what makes museums so attractive for those that use self balancing scooters on a routine basis. The floors are almost always perfectly flat, just as smooth as can be, and kept very, very clean for obvious reasons. You’ll be hard-pressed to find better cruising conditions than these.
Most museums have tremendously wide corridors – ideal for self balancing scooter operation
You are also going to want to make sure that you have plenty of room for self balancing scooter operators to zip around this way and that, in that requires some pretty large interior spaces.
Most museums have tremendously wide and open rooms and corridor, with plenty of space for self balancing scooter operators to maneuver, to cruise, and to effortlessly pass one another.
On the flipside, you might not want people to be zipping around near delicate art installations, statues, or paintings
At the same time, people that own museums or prices art collections might not be all that excited about the idea of dozens (or even hundreds) of people flying around these installations on top of technology that they might not be completely comfortable controlling.
It may be a while until we see self balancing scooters rolled out and most museums, but the chances are that it’s going to happen sooner rather than later.
Tea and later coffee helped to revolutionise how the western world approached it’s morning routine. Now as ubiquitous as anything else in life, many people would be hard pressed to function without their morning caffeine. Given the incredible history and importance tea and coffee play in our lives currently, few know more then just a little about its origin or purpose. These days it’s hard to care about the history when we have these push button coffee machines in our homes.
The Bramah Tea and Coffee Museum in London hopes to rectify that by being a fantastic source for the history of England and the tea and coffee that has become a part of the daily routine. Serving authentic British Leaf Tea, the museum provides records and memorabilia from centuries past, documenting the tea trade. With more then 400 years of history to cover, the Bramah Tea and Coffee Museum also provides an opportunity for individuals to have their tea as well. As a final note, the museum offers seminars taught by Edward Bramah regarding the history of the tea trade and a tasting session.
The Bramah Tea and Coffee Museum is London is only a two minute walk from London Bridge Station. Its exact address is Bramah Museum of Tea And Coffee, 40 Southwark Street, London SE1 1UN.
The Bramah Tea and Coffee Museum is open all week, from 10am to 6pm. Exceptions include Christmas and Boxing Day. In addition, check online before going to ensure that renovations have not temporarily closed down the museum.
The Bramah Tea and Coffee Museum costs 4 pounds for adults. In addition, concessions cost 3.5 pounds. Finally, the museum offers a family deal with a 10 pound charge for two parents and up to four children. Finally, if you are considering a group of 20 or more, the museum asks that you call ahead so that they can make special arrangements.
The UK has an incredible number of sites for locals and tourists alike. In particular, if you are a sports fan, then the UK has you covered with sporting venues, teams, and even museums. With that in mind, lets take a brief tour of the UK and find the best sports museums in the country. From the biggest names in sports to those rarely heard about defining moments that led to the creation of your favorite team, these museums are sure to provide you with a great deal of entertainment and information. Even minor sports like rowing are represented here, this pleased me as I love to row on my Concept2 Model D.
The Wimbledon Lawn Tennis Museum
For aspiring tennis players everywhere, Wimbledon represents the culmination of a lifelong struggle to be the very best at the sport. The premiere venue for tennis in the country and arguably the world, the best tennis players from countless countries have met on these greens to compete against one another. In a sport where there are strict rules and proper decorum, there are still countless moments of incredible emotion and excitement.
The Wimbledon Lawn Tennis Museum captures all of this through their state-of-the-art-museum. Providing a range of tours, it has never been easier to see the stadium, courts, and the grounds. In addition, tours usually include trips to the pressroom, interview room, water gardens, and more. For any fan of Tennis, the Wimbledon Lawn Tennis Museum is a must.
The Chelsea Football Club Museum
The Chelsea Football Club Museum has a rich and colourful history dating back more then a hundred years to 1905. Visitors to the museum get to hear all about the legendary dog bite that led to the formation of the team, as well as the countless characters that have helped to define both the team and the sport as a whole. In addition to being a great place for adults, the Chelsea Football Club Museum is also great for children with its interactive exhibits. Whether you are a die hard Chelsea fan or are just interested in learning more about this interesting team and its role in shaping UK football, then this museum is the right place for you.
The World Rugby Museum At Twickenham
While not nearly as popular as football or tennis, Rugby has none-the-less defined itself throughout the world as an incredibly competitive and challenging sport. With a great deal of emphasis on team unity and respect for the other team, the World Rugby Museum at Twickenham provides countless opportunities to relive Rugby’s past. The home of English Rugby, this museum provides a behind-the-scenes tour of the stadium, providing for guests an incredibly collection of memorabilia to look through. Finally, what tour would be complete without a trip to the England changing room?
The Marylebone Cricket Club Museum at Lord’s Cricket Ground
Cricket, like many other sports popularised in England, has spread around the world and has found a particularly strong hold in India. Still going strong today, countless individuals enjoy the sport. At the Marylebone Cricket Club Museum at Lord’s Cricket Grounds, you can see incredible paintings and artefacts detailing the history of the sport. With more then 400 years worth of history to go through, it is no wonder people love visiting the museum and its grounds. As a final note, the museum is also home to a selection of some of the greatest moments in Cricket, providing enthusiasts and players alike a trip down memory lane.
The four suggestions for sports museums in UK only begin to cover how many sporting museums there are in the country. Whether it is a small museum hosted by your favourite football club or the countless other museum venues focusing on sports in the country, it is more then easy to design an entire vacation around seeing these various places.
London is a city of museums that boasts of more than two hundred museums that gives you a detailed picturisation of British history. Among the different museums you find here, five have the most prominent and must visit for the tourists.
The Estorick Collection of Modern Italian Art has some breathtaking collection of Italian modern art. The museum was open in 1998 at the Georgian building that adds to the history. You can find galleries, gift shop to buy memorable and café. The art forms between 1890 and 1950 are displayed.
The London Film Museum is another prominent museum that has some of the most treasured possessions from the film industry. Get to learn more about how the film industry progressed in England. There are displays that can interest you. So, if you are a movie buff do not miss this place for anything.
The Freud Museum of London is the place to be if you are interested in this psychoanalyst. The home of Sigmund Freud was converted into a museum. Freud gave a new dimension to the thought process and is a master of psychology.
The Imperial War Museum gives an insight on the First World War and how it is instrumental in developing the present day Britain. The museum also focuses on the recent trends that are influenced by the war and what changes it has brought to the English Society.
Among the museums in England another worthy destination not to miss includes the Natural History Museum. It is one of the largest museums in the country and is in South Kensington, London. The most popular display is the dinosaur bone exhibit. The museum has some exotic collection of pre-historic animal life. There are many activities that happen here including the competition for wildlife photography. There are many volunteer programs that can be of interest. Connect with nature at the museum. This is a must visit place for kids.
e=”text-align: justify;”>Staying near the museum is advised if you are in London. This museum city and has 240 museums that can cater to the taste of everyone. You can find small museums in the suburban region and popular museums in Central London. Some museums in London have the reputation of being the best in the world. The prominence the place has for its lineage has made it the most suitable place to house some of the world famous museums. You can find some breathtaking collections that are unique to the place in these museums. Tourists definitely have museums on their Things to do list.
The British Museum attracted thousands of visitors every year. The Enigmatic Rosetta Stone finds its place here and rests since 1802 when it was snatched from the French army after defeat. Also find Aztec artefacts, sculptors from Europe and Chinese ceramics. If you have the love for historical drama, check out the East London alleyways. Experience the walks with Jack the Ripper and let the shivers of fear run down your spine.
Natural History Museum, Vienna
If Sherlock Homes is your favourite character, then Sherlock Homes Museum is a must watch. Who could forget the 221b Baker Street? You can sit down in the Holmes study. Visit the Charles Dickens’ home and see what inspired him to write his famous stories.
The National Army Museum, the Royal Air Force Museum and the Imperial War Museum are for those who have aspirations to serve the nation. The Arsenal Football Club Museum, the MCC Museum at Lords Cricket Ground and the Wimbledon Lawn can impress the sports lovers. For those art lovers, there is the National Gallery on Trafalgar Square, Institute of Contemporary Arts, and Tate Britain. The Floating Museum is part of the Imperial War Museum and is berthed between the London Bridge and Tower Bridge.
The Science Museum in London is located at South Kensington on the Exhibition Road. It falls under the umbrella of the National Museum of Science and Industry and shares its glory with the Victoria Albert Museum that is located in the town of Kensington and Chelsea. The museum comprises of seven floors that house interactive galleries and history of technology.
The museum has exhibits like the oldest functional steam train, Babbage Difference Engine, the maiden jet engine, sample papers from early typewriter trials and stimulation of the Clock of Long Now. These comprised the Museum of Patents and were placed in the Science Collection of South Kensington Museum.
Later, in the year 1909, more exhibits were added that it was declared a museum by itself. A director was appointed. The building was opened in 1920 to the public. The museum now has over 300,000 articles and is considered to be the most prominent in the field of medical science. The fourth floor houses an expansive collection meant for the medical practice. It is exclusive to reconstructive performances. The fifth floor presents a collection of age old instruments used by ancient doctors from various parts of the world. The latest wing is in the honour of Henry Wellcome, a pharmaceutical entrepreneur.
The science museum has a library that until the 1960s was the National Library for Science, Medicine, and Technology. The medical collection here is said to be the best. The ground floor is dedicated for Space Exploration. Here you can find visual reconstructs of Industrial Revolution. There are more than 50 exhibits that include the final remaining of steam locomotives. The next level is devoted to metals, communication, food and energy generation. The third floor is exclusively meant for aircrafts. That has some visually enticing photographs. The Flight Gallery houses a full size historic aircraft. Also find the Stephenson’s Rocket and Apollo spacecraft.
The Science Museum is a renowned historical institution that is a favourite tourist destination if you are in London. It is not just a tourist destination but is a learning centre as well. It preserves many scientific artefacts that speak of the scientific innovations from different parts of the world. The museum was opened in the year 1857, and the first collections were from the Royal Society of Arts.
Some items were also from the 1851 Great Exhibition that holds the achievements in the field of science and technology. It was the first part of the South Kensington Museum and later was carved out to form the Science Museum in the year 1885. Currently, the muscle holds 300,000 showcases among them that attract the attention of visitors include the Stevenson’s Rocket (steam locomotive), the model of DNA developed by James Watson and specialized mechanical digital calculator.
The museum is open for visitors for free since December 2001. This has made it a popular attraction. There is a Science Night that describes the amazing facts of the night with a scientific bent of mind. Children between the age of 8 and 11 up to 380 kids are allowed to spend the evening in the museum where they are given an opportunity to spend time with the exhibits. The kids wake up in the morning for breakfast that will be served at the museum. With science facts and IMAX film, the experience becomes memorable for the children. The place is not just for fun it is also a forum for learning where scientific debates are held. There is an urban bar that was opened in the year 2003.
A school trip to London could be exciting with the rich tradition of London dating back to the Bronze Age. There are varieties of subjects to impress kids, and a school trip can be fruitful for the kids. History, science, technology, arts, drama, theatre and a variety of subjects that can impress students are housed in the museums in London. Important information that kids can gather from the museum is the way history has played its role in developing the new age England. It also explains how wars play a role in changing not just geographical boundaries but also the economics of a place. The Imperial Museum and Cabinet War Room can teach warring lessons.
Imperial War Museum is one of the five war museums, and of these, three are located in London. One of the branches founded in 1917 that records the happenings during the World War One and documentations of the sacrifices of the Empire during the war times. The museum has undergone a lot of changes and has accommodated the recent warfare techniques also. The museum was originally located at the Crystal Palace and was moved to South Kensington where it is housed in the Bethlem Royal Hospital in Southwark. The trip will cover a walkthrough of photograph collections, official documents, films, art collections and military crafts.
Another branch of the museum is the Imperial War Museum. This is also called the Churchill War Rooms. This is an underground bunker that was the command centre for the British during the Second World War. This was after the World War II broke out. Once the war was over it was abandoned, and only people with special permissions visited the place. During the 1980s, the Imperial War Museum opens it for visitors. A school trip here explains the importance of the place during the war times. This place has remained the nerve centre during the war times.